Study: 1 in 22 urban Indian women likely to develop breast cancer
Breast cancer is cancer that develops in breast cells. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, a newly-inverted nipple, or a red or scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.
As per an expert, one in 22 females in urban India is likely to develop Breast cancer. According to WHO, there are about 1.38 million new cases and 458,000 deaths from breast cancer each year. The Breast Cancer Awareness Month, marked in countries across the world every October, helps to increase attention and support for awareness, early detection and treatment as well as palliative care of this disease.
According to Dr (Col) R Ranga Rao, Chairman of Paras Cancer Centre at Paras Hospital, Gurugram: "Breast cancer is increasing by 10 per cent every year and the reason behind is changing reproductive preferences and hormonal imbalances in the body. So, late children, no children, few children and late marriages are the few causes of it."
"Apart from hormonal factors, lifestyle issues like overweight, excessive consumption of calories, low exercise, less consumption of fruits and vegetables and less breastfeeding. Moreover, in India, women have bigger breast lumps as compared to the western countries. In India, an early onset of breast cancer has been seen with an average age of 40-42 years."
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Indian females, accounting for 14 per cent of all cancers. Currently, there is a lack of sufficient knowledge as to its causes, and therefore, early detection of the disease remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control.
"Unfortunately, most of the cancer registries in India are recording a 1-5 per cent annual percent increase. The incidence rises in early thirties and peaks at 50-65 years of age. Overall, 1 in 22 female is likely to develop breast cancer in Urban India," said Dr Deepak Jha, Clinical Lead Breast Surgery, Senior Consultant, Surgical Oncology at Artemis Hospital.
Jha also said that a lot of advancements have happened in treatment strategies of breast cancer, with surgery having decreased in extent leading to lesser mutilation with better cosmetic outcomes. Chemotherapy and targeted therapies have evolved for better patient tolerance.