Chhath Puja 2019: Know all about Chhath festival
Chhath puja rituals are observed for four days. These include holy bathing in the river, fasting, standing in water for long periods of time, and offering prayers to the rising and setting sun. This year, from 31st October to 3 November 2019, with Surya Shashthi (main day) falling on 3 November 2019. Chhath Puja is observed twice a year. The Chhath Puja in the summer between March and April is called Chaitra Shashthi or Chaiti Chhath.
An ancient Hindu festival, dedicated to Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya (known to be the sister of Surya), Chhath Puja is unique to the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and the country of Nepal. It is the only Vedic festival that is dedicated to the Sun God, who is supposed to be the source of all powers and Chhathi Maiya (another name for Goddess Usha from the Vedic period). The god of light, energy and life force is worshipped in order to promote well being, development and the prosperity of human beings. Through this festival, people aim towards thanking the Sun God for a period of four days. The devotees who observe the fast during this festival are called Vrati.
The word 'Chhath' literally means six in Hindi. Chhath is celebrated on the sixth day of the Kartik month according to the Hindu calendar. Hence, the festival is termed as Chhath.